Wednesday, October 27, 2010

Three Gorges Dam

China's Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest water project, was fully filled. The water level hit the dam's design capacity of 175 meters (574 feet) at 9 a.m. Tuesday, said the corporation that developed the dam. The 175-meter milestone will "enable the project to fulfill its functions of flood control, power generation, direction-finding and water diversion to the full," said Cao Guangjing, chairman of the China Three Gorges Corporation.

When the dam in central China attains full generating capacity next year, it will produce 84.7 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity. That's enough to meet Beijing's requirements for a year. By comparison, the United States' Hoover Dam produces about 4 billion kilowatt-hours each year, sufficient to serve 1.3 million people in Nevada, Arizona, and California.

The 2,309-meter-wide (1.4 mile-wide) Three Gorges project, built in the upper-middle arrives at of China's longest river, began storing water in 2003. Water is diverted to the arid farmlands and cities of China's north. The Yangtze River has been responsible for some of the most horrible floods on record, with hundreds of thousands of people killed over the past century alone. The Three Gorges Dam relieves 15 million people and 1.5 million hectares of farmland in the Jianghan Plain from the threat of flood.

Opponents say the dam worsens pollution by trapping sewage and industrial waste. They also warn that an accident or natural disaster could create a catastrophe in the heavily populated region. An estimated 1.2 million people had to move to make way for the Three Gorges, which busy 632 square kilometers (244 square miles) of land. Historians decried the loss of centuries of remnants and antiquities, and the loss of a way of life for myriad rural residents in hundreds of villages, towns and cities.